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World Wildlife Day 2023: Know about CITES, CITES is considered a landmark agreement on conservation

World Wildlife Day (WWD) is observed annually on March 3 to raise awareness of issues relating to the conservation of flora and fauna. According to the World Wildlife Day website, “Partnerships for Wildlife Protection” is the theme for this year. We will be able to recognise all conservation activities, from global to local levels.

It is further broadened to include protecting the oceans and marine life as well as working with corporations to fund conservation initiatives. If we are to stop the loss of biodiversity, “successful partnerships for conservation must find ways to include business,” it continues.

Know about CITES

An international pact between governments is called CITES. Its goal is to make sure that the survival of the species is not threatened by international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants.

It was approved with the understanding that “the trade in wild animals and plants crosses borders between countries. And the effort to regulate it requires international collaboration to conserve specific species from over-exploitation,” according to the organization’s website. More than 37,000 species of animals and plants are protected in varied degrees, as are the products made from them. Such as food, unusual leather goods, medicines, and other goods obtained from wildlife.

How is CITES organised?

Species in danger of extinction are listed in Appendix I. Rarely, only in “extraordinary instances,” such as gorillas and Indian lions, are specimens of these animals traded.

Species included in Appendix II are not necessarily in danger of going extinct. But trade must be limited to preserve their conservation. Examples include specific varieties of foxes and hippopotamuses.

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The Bengal fox and the Golden Jackal from India are two species listed in Appendix III that are protected in at least one nation and for which that nation has requested assistance from other CITES Parties in enforcing trade restrictions. To engage in the trade of species on each of the lists, several processes are provided according to each category.



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