Agra is a must-visit location because of the historical landmarks and monuments that the Mughals and other former great empires left behind. The marble and sandstone garden in Agra is a representation of devotion, romance, and love.
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Untold numbers of tourists visit Agra each year to see the Taj Mahal. Even though seeing the Taj Mahal should be at the top of your travel list, there are a lot more historical sites and monuments that will astound you. In this article, the ancient forts in Agra are emphasised as noteworthy architectural wonders of the area.
One of the royal forts from the Mughal Empire that we have learned about in history classes is the Agra fort. Although the Mughal capital was in Agra, it was constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar and served as a royal residence as well as a military outpost. The fort, which is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is 2.5 kilometres from the well-known Taj Mahal.
This Agra fort is also referred to as the “City of Walls” and goes by the name “Red Fort” due to its red sandstone construction. It is thought to be where the majority of the country’s tourist attractions are located. There is a lot to discover inside the intricate Red Fort.
The Pearl Mosque, also known as Moti Masjid, is a serene structure with perfect proportions that is made entirely of white marble. The mosque at the Red Fort complex in Delhi, India, was built for Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s second wife Nawab Bai between 1659 and 1660. The prayer hall has three arches and is divided into two aisles. On top of it are three bulbous domes that were once covered in gilded copper.
Diwan-i-Aam And Diwan-i-Khas
At the Diwan-i-Aam, the emperor used to meet with officials and hear requests from the public (Hall of Public Audience). The Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) was used to host illustrious visitors.
The fabled Peacock Throne used to be kept there before Aurangzeb moved it to Delhi. Near Diwan-i-Khas is the tall Octagonal Tower, also known as Musamman Burj, which served as Mumtaz’s residence and was Shah Jahan’s favourite empress.
The Mahals of the Agra Fort
As a private residence for his son Jahngir, Akbar built the largest residence in the complex, the Jahngri Mahal.
Flowers depicted as priceless gems once adorned the exquisite marble walls of the Khas Mahal, the emperor’s private residence.
To the northeast of the Khas Mahal is the magnificent Palace of Mirrors, also referred to as the Sheesh Mahal. Tens of thousands of tiny mirrors line the walls and ceilings of the room. The two gleaming chambers of the structure were probably used by the queens as boudoirs and baths.
The Sikandra Fort
Sikandra Fort is home to the great Mughal Emperor’s tomb. The Sikandra Fort is a beautifully engraved tomb with intricate details. Massive in size, the Sikandra Fort is a key representation of the emperor’s enlightened and expansive intellect.
This structure is also known as the Akbar Mausoleum. It is situated in Sikandra, a small settlement nearby Agra. Akbar’s Tomb is among the finest illustrations of how Muslim and Hindu architectural styles can coexist.